Eyes on Diabetes: Simple Steps to Lower Your Risk Today
Ever wondered why detecting diabetes early is important? Time to make yourself aware about the complications that diabetes might cause. Checking yourself up is essential in keeping yourself safe from having advanced diabetes complications.
According to the International Diabetes Federation, as of the year 2015 there were more than 400 million adults worldwide living with diabetes. Understanding diabetes is an integral part to know how to deal with it, how to prevent it and how to prevent further complications.
What is Diabetes?
When food enters your system, it is digested and turned into sugar or glucose. Your body, more specifically your pancreas, is supposed to release a hormone called ‘insulin’ to help allow glucose to enter the cells. The main purpose of glucose in the body is to be used, as fuel for energy, so it’s function is very essential for the survival of the human body. People with diabetes have problems making use of glucose so it ends up being built up in the blood, and cannot be used as fuel. There are 2 types of diabetes, Type 1 occurs when there is little or no production of insulin in the body while Type 2 diabetes occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or does not produce it anymore.
This year, the International Diabetes Federation (IDF) selected the theme for World Diabetes day to be “Eyes on Diabetes,” setting the focus on promoting the importance of screening for Diabetes.
- Why is screening important?
To promote early detection of type II diabetes, in order to reduce the risk of any serious complications that could potentially exist. One in two adults with diabetes is undiagnosed and this increases the risk of diabetes complications.
- What are the complications associated with diabetes?
Screening for diabetes complications is an integral part of the treatment process for all types of diabetes. The complications that arise from diabetes are serious, they can be; growth impairment, stroke, high blood pressure, amputations, cardiovascular diseases, nervous system disorders, kidney disease, eye disease or obesity. Early detection of diabetes can help set the right path for management, helping to prevent complications that could affect an individual’s overall well being.
Diabetes in Egypt
As of 2015, there were more than seven million cases of diabetes in Egypt with 42% of people with diabetes experiencing early-stage eye disease and 5% of those diagnosed with diabetes classified as legally blind.
The International Diabetes Federation (IDF) has three members in Egypt. You can check their websites below to get more information on diabetes, how to get tested and tips.
- Arabic Association for the Study of Diabetes and Metabolism
- Egyptian Diabetes Association
- Upper Egypt Diabetes Association
How to test for diabetes?
There are several ways to test for diabetes; you will probably find all these tests at your local lab.
- Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG)
- Before taking the blood glucose test, you will not be allowed to eat for eight hours. This test checks your fasting blood glucose levels.
- The OGTT
- The OGTT is a two-hour test that checks your blood glucose levels before, and 2 hours after, you drink a special sweet drink.
- Random blood sugar test.
- A blood sample will be taken at any random time when you have severe diabetes symptoms. In this test, diabetes is diagnosed at blood glucose of greater than or equal to 200 mg/dl, regardless of when you last ate.
On this World Diabetes Day, keep your Eyes on Diabetes and go to your nearest lab to get tested.
Photo Credits: www.worlddiabetesday.org