Foundation is very important to cover flaws and even out complexion. It’s a game changer, but when used incorrectly foundation can make skin look cakey, oily or lighter or darker than the rest of your body.

Choosing the wrong shade or formula, even with a good brand, can lead to bad results. That’s why it’s important to know what are the best choices for your skin type and how to find the best shade and texture for you.

Choosing a Foundation

  • Never test foundation colors on the back of your hand, because it’s not the same color as your face! Instead, swipe a very small quantity around your jaw line and try 3 different shades, the one that disappears is the winner.
  • Always test the shade in a natural light as makeup stores use special lighting.
  • If you’re still in a doubt and don’t know which one to pick, ask for a sample to try at home.

You have to know your undertone to really choose the right shade, in addition to matching a color. Easily find your undertone by checking the color of the veins in your wrist or arm! Always look for the foundation shades categorized under your undertone.

  • Warm/Golden: Green veins (most Egyptian skin tones)
  • Cool/Pink: Blue veins (usually naturally fairer complexion)
  • Neutral/Olive: A mix of blue and green veins





Foundation Varieties

Liquid foundation
Liquid is the most popular kind, is very easy to apply and works on almost everyone. They can range from sheer to full coverage, and dewy to matte finish.

So what’s best for you? Your skin will decide!

Oil based Water Based Silicon Based Oil Free
Very dry or mature skin Oily skin Long wearing for oily skin and it helps with shine control Oily skin

You can make your own tinted moisturizer for light coverage, or even for a morning look, by mixing one drop of any foundation of your choice with one drop of your favorite face cream. Also, you can use this method to change any full coverage foundation into a lighter one.

Watch out for:
Ingredients! Don’t use foundations with mineral oil, petrolatum and isopropyl palmitate as they can clog pores (especially when used often). Also look for the label “non comedogenic”, meaning it will not clog pores

Cream foundation
Cream foundation comes in a heavier base and is best for acne prone or dry skin. It’s a makeup artist’s top choice as it gives full coverage and is excellent for a night look, but must be blended very well. Most cream foundations blend to a powder finish, with adjustable coverage based on how much you apply. It comes in pressed compact or stick for more precise application, though it’s recommended to use a synthetic brush to apply evenly.

Try: MAC Pro Full Coverage Foundation and Bobbi Brown Foundation Stick.

Watch out for:

  • Not suitable for the very oily or the very dry skin, as it may worsen the problem.
  • Don’t apply it near the eye area, as it can emphasize the lines

Powder foundation

Powder foundation is great for on the go and work well as a touch up savior. The best thing about it is that it doesn’t clog pores.

  • Pressed compact powder:

Comes in a compact and when applied it turns into a semi solid look. Applying too much pressed powder can result in a cakey appearance, so use as little as possible.

Try: MAC Studio Fix powder

  • Loose foundation powder:

Loose powder is perfect for oily/shiny skin and for summertime. It can be used to set makeup in place, or for touch ups .

Try: Makeup Forever Super Matte loose powder

  • Mineral powder foundation:

If you have sensitive skin and are interested in more natural makeup, mineral powder foundation is your best bet.

Try: bare minerals powder

Watch out for:
Talc based powders, as they give a chalky, dull look to the skin.


  • Be sure to prep your skin and hydrate with your daily, light moisturizer.
  • Start with a small quantity. One pump is more than enough for the entire face, and more layers can be added slowly.
  • For liquid foundation, use your finger tips or a synthetic brush to apply and blend it with a sponge.
  • Always avoid applying foundation around the eye area and use concealer instead.
  • You can use a kabuki brush for full coverage with a powder foundation, or a large, soft bristled brush for touch ups and light coverage
  • When applying liquid or cream foundation apply it with down and outward strokes so that u won’t clog pores or make it visible.
  • If you want to wear your foundation for a long time or for a night look, keep it put with a setting spray or setting translucent powder. However, be sure to blend setting powder
  • If you are going to deal with powerful cameras and flashes, you will need to be careful with setting powders as if you will use too much and don’t blend it well , you will look all white in the pictures.